An integrated circuit is an electronic device in which there is more than one circuit component in the same package. Most integrated circuits contain many transistors, together with diodes, resistors, and capacitors. Integrated circuits may contain tens, hundreds, or even many thousands of transistors. Indeed, some integrated circuits for computer and image-sensing applications may have millions of transistors or diodes on a single silicon chip.
A monolithic integrated circuit is one in which all of the components are contained on a single-crystal chip of silicon. This silicon chip typically measures 1 x 1 x 0.25 mm thick for the smallest integrated circuits to 10 x 10 x 0.5 mm for the largest integrated circuits.
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